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Incompleteness / Philosophy

Notes on Reductionism 4 – Separating Laws and Content

Reductionism is the attempt to “reduce” everything to physics. Should it not be possible to describe everything as a physical process? Chemistry is clearly a branch of physics. Biological organisms work in terms of chemical processes. Psychological processes work in terms of brain processes, which are biological, culture is a product of those psychological processes… … Continue reading

Incompleteness / Philosophy / Science / Thoughts

Notes on Reductionism, Part 2 – Enlarging the Box

In the previous post I have argued that a complete description of a system like WordPress is impossible because the system can be extended by information entering it from the outside, information that cannot be derived (at least not completely) from what was contained in the system before. We might still try to achieve a … Continue reading

Childhood / Musings / Philosophy / Stories


You belong into a group by not questioning its unspoken assumptions. This is not something you do consciously or deliberately. The unspoken assumptions, the things that go without saying, are just the background that people often do not even perceive consciously. Philosophy could be defined as seeing, analyzing, and questioning that background, be it in … Continue reading

Aesthetic Theory / Aesthetics / Childhood / Cognitive Science / Creativity / Education / Incompleteness / Philosophy / Quality


Surprise can be viewed as a basic component of human existence[1]. Reality always has more properties than our knowledge about it predicts. Our knowledge can be viewed as consisting of limited sets of knowledge covering limited parts of reality (see Analytical Spaces). Each of these sets of knowledge is incomplete. Taken together they are always incomplete … Continue reading