Cognitive Science / Creativity / Neuroscience / Philosophy / Science

Rationalism, Empiricism, and Creativism

Creativistic Philosophy


At each time in our development, we have a limited view of the world, a limited horizon, both as individuals and as groups or cultures. Similarly, each organism has, in a sense, a limited world view, a horizon of perception and action defined by its structure[1]. The world view, in turn, is the embodiment of a certain body of knowledge.

In the history of philosophy, we can discern two basic types of views or schools of thought about how knowledge arises. On one side are empiricists who think of the human mind as a blank slate on which experience writes something. On the other side we have rationalists[2], who emphasize the role of pure reason, independent of experience, and typically assume that there must be some pre-existing structure of the mind to make it possible to make any sense of experience. In classical forms of rationalism…

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