New Year

I am repeating a post from four years ago here, just updated the numbers, so some of you might know this already. Well, New Year does not really repeat itself, but we pretend it does… The year is an as-if-construction. We pretend that at this time, one period is ending and a new one is … Continue reading

Art / Cognitive Science / Computer Science / Creativity / Incompleteness / Neuroscience / Philosophy

Understanding in Hindsight

“Truth and reality in art begin at the point where the artist ceases to understand what he is doing and capable of doing …” Henri Matisse What Matisse is talking about here may be a general feature of creative processes. While they are going on, we don’t understand completely what we are doing. In the … Continue reading

Cognitive Science / Creativity / Incompleteness / Philosophy


Knowledge arises from our interaction with reality (including ourselves and our previous knowledge). Reality is a proteon, i.e. it cannot be described completely. So at any given time, our knowledge is incomplete. There are gaps in it, there are inconsistencies, there are errors and artefacts, there is vagueness, and there are different degrees of justification. … Continue reading

Culture / Philosophy


  The world we inhabit cannot be described completely. It is a proteon. And each of us has a small, partially private section of it, a part that we call our life. Interacting with the world, each of us can only, in our lifetime, build up a limited amount of knowledge about it. Some of … Continue reading